Should the following in-text references be underlined, formatted in italics or put in inverted commas? (According to The Chicago Manual of Style.)
- Book title
- Journal article title
- Title of a famous speech
- Name of a work of art
- Conference talk title
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The overriding rule under The Chicago Manual of Style is to italicise the name of free-standing works (books, TV series, operas, lengthy stand-alone poems and the like). You would then use inverted commas when the title forms part of a larger work (chapters, episodes, songs on albums and poems in collections, for instance). It can sometimes be hard to make a call because you hit a grey area. Also, certain works may appear as stand-alone works sometimes and as part of a collection on other occasions. If this happens and you can’t double check (e.g. in an exam) then make a decision you can justify and be consistent. Underlining is outdated; I just wrote that to try to catch you out.
- Book title: italicise (chapters would go in inverted commas).
- Journal article title: inverted commas (with the title of the journal requiring italics).
- Title of a famous speech: italicise (bog-standard speeches go in inverted commas).
- Name of a work of art: italicise (the name of an exhibit or collection of works would also be italicised).
- Conference talk title: inverted commas (the conference name would be written in title case, without italics).