Why I Specialised in Fashion Translation

Last updated Aug 9, 2023
By Lucy Williams

As a translator, you’ve probably read a lot about the need to specialise. But what should you choose? Over time, fashion translation has become one of my specialist fields. This article explains why.

Why I work in fashion. Sounds so glamourous, doesn’t it? Maybe I’m writing this from my Manhattan loft apartment, between a fashion show and meeting Anna Wintour for brunch? Not quite. A quick sandwich in a small home office is more like it. But fashion is my favourite bit of all the translation I do. And it’s where I make the most of my money. What does it involve for me and why do I like it?

Variety in fashion translation

Variety of text types

When you think of fashion translation, what do you think of? Interviews with models? Writing press releases? Clothes descriptions? Well, translating for the fashion industry can involve all that and more. It’s not just clothes. Marketing materials, contracts, staff training manuals, annual reports to shareholders. It’s a huge industry and you could translate all sorts of different texts. Granted, a lot of my day-to-day work is clothes descriptions and press releases, but it’s by no means all I do.

Variety of clients

Like many freelance translators, a lot of my work comes from translation agencies. Big fashion brands often use agencies for translation. Why? Because international brands need texts in a whole range of languages. Working with agencies means you don’t have to go out there and find those clients. It also often means larger, longer-term projects. That helps with planning and cash flow. For more information about working with agencies for fashion translation, check out my previous article about the fashion industry.

But there are direct clients in fashion translation, as with any industry. Granted, you have to get out there and find them. And then do all the work that goes along with keeping them. But find the right direct client and you can end up with some interesting projects and call more of the shots.

Brain power

One of the things I like about fashion translation is using my brain. Not only because of the variety of styles. One day it’s clothes descriptions, one day it’s high-brow prose. But this is also because I like learning. There’s always a new word to learn. I like building up my glossaries with new terms. I enjoy seeing how those new words relate to one another. And I love that moment when I work out what that difficult term means. There also seems to be a lot of material online. Both for initial research and cross checking, once you’ve done some investigating.

There’s always a new word to learn.

Literary flair

It’s not just about the intricate research into one or two-word terms. There’s also a call for a more literary flair when translating fashion. Sometimes it’s press releases singing the praises of a new collection. Other times it’s more esoteric. Literary, even. But, there is plenty in the world of fashion translation to go around. If you prefer something meatier than “50% polyester, with welt pockets”, it’s there too. I’ve even translated part of a book about a fashion mogul’s rags-to-riches life story. There were large sections about his rural childhood which needed a different approach. As well as the more predictably “fashion” bits about the trendy circles he later moved in.


Get it wrong and fashion translation can be a dead end for making money. At the start, you can find you’re not as profitable as you’d like. Especially if you’re working on clothes descriptions. So many tricky terms you need to research. But, with the aid of a good CAT tool and some experience, these repetitive texts can make you decent money. As with anything, the key is good record keeping. You need to see what you are spending time on. If it’s taking up so much time that it’s not profitable then you take on work that is. But the scope is there to be profitable. For a great overview of pricing check out Gwen’s recent article on the worst pitfalls to avoid with translation pricing.

As you build your portfolio, you can afford to pick and choose your projects.

Make fashion translation work for you

Specialisation gives you more control. You learn which projects will be more profitable. As you specialise, you make more contacts in your chosen field. And in related fields, perhaps contacts on the periphery of your industry. As you build your portfolio, you can afford to pick and choose your projects. Fashion translation encompasses a lot of styles. It’s a specialisation that can lead you into other things. You have proven skills that are in demand in other industries. You can spread your wings in terms of profitability and enjoyment. And that’s not a bad goal to have.

Fashion translation course at The Translator’s Studio

I can’t promise a Manhattan loft or tickets to London Fashion Week, I’m afraid. But perhaps I have piqued your interest. Intrigued but still not sure if it’s for you? I will soon be releasing a course on fashion translation. Sign up for our newsletter in the column to the right to get updates.

Written by Lucy Williams

Lucy Williams is a subtitler and a Spanish-English translator for fashion, tourism and luxury goods/services. She holds the CIOL Diploma in Translation and is a native English copywriter specialising in SEO-optimised long-form content. Connect with Lucy on LinkedIn.

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  1. Gabriela

    Hello! I am very interested in fashion and art translation. Do you mind helping me? I’m looking for ways in which I could get started. English and Spanish are my mother tongues; I speak French fluently and I am learning German. I know this is very broad, but any help will be greatly appreciated! xo

    • Lucy Williams

      Hi Gabriela,

      It is quite a broad area! I would suggest thinking about who would use your services. You could translate for a range of direct clients or translation agencies. If it’s direct clients, once you have a good profile on LinkedIn, you can research contacts that might need translation. There are quite a lot of resources on the internet about how to turn leads into work using LinkedIn.
      Or, you could investigate translation agencies in your language pairs who offer fashion and/or art translation and make contact with them. Agencies can be a good port of call when starting out as they have more ongoing work and are more used to collaborating with freelancers.
      I hope that has helped!

  2. Clàudia

    Hi, I’m a last year student of the Translation and Interperting degree and I’ve been thinking for a while in specialize in Fashion. I’ve been investigating and there are some Masters related to Fashion Communication. Do you think it would be a good idea to do one of them? Or I should wait and try other things first? I really love fashion and I would love to translate or write fashion staff.

    Thank you and I found very interesting your article.

    • Lucy Williams

      Hi Claudia. I don’t have any experience of qualifications in fashion itself. I would say the same as for any qualification, that you would have to weigh up the costs and benefits. If you are very interested in fashion, you could blog about fashion as a way to demonstrate your interest in and knowledge of the field.